Other potential characteristics such as leaf shape (Oriental bittersweet has rounder leaves) and fruit … The olive drab vine may reach a thickness of 4 inches in diameter. Alternative Native Species: Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), Supplejack (Berchemia scandens), Strawberrybush (Euonymus americana). In the home landscape it is probably best to cut the vines back to the ground and immediately treat the cut stem with herbicide. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. National Genetic Resources Program. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Habit. Although another plant, bittersweet nightshade, also has \"bittersweet\" in its common name, you know immediately when you see its Latin name (Solanum dulcamara, where the first Latin name is for the genus, nightshade, and the second is for the specific epithet, bittersweet) that it is not related to Celastrus orbiculatus (Solanu… The leaves are alternate with round or tapered tips. University of Georgia. Oriental Bittersweet Common Name: Oriental Bittersweet. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Plant Names (Nomenclature) [35,50,78,82,91,123]. It was introduced into the United States around 1860 as an ornamental plant. Species Epithet: orbiculatus. Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus . Also known by many common names. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Plant Search > Oriental Bittersweet Oriental Bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus) About Oriental Bittersweet. Appearance. Identification: Oriental Bittersweet is a deciduous woody vine that may climb 60 feet into tree crowns. I think that was the most important thing about this species that I learned and also how it grows so quickly and can be used as a medicine. Oriental Bittersweet is an invasive climbing vine from Asia that can kill trees reducing our bio-diversity. The Oriental Bittersweet vine will climb other plants, wrapping itself like twine. (ITIS) Common Name: Oriental bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, Oriental staff vine, climbing spindle berry. Oriental bittersweet is a serious threat to plant communities due to its high reproductive rate, long range dispersal, ability to root sucker, and rapid growth rate. It is commonly called Oriental bittersweet, as well as Chinese bittersweet, Asian bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, and Asiatic bittersweet. Genus: Celastrus. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation. Common Name: Oriental Bittersweet. Forest Service. loeseneri, C ... hedge-rows and coastal areas and can grow in open sites or under a closed forest canopy. three-valved, round, green to bright yellow when mature, yellow outer covering splits to reveal orange-red berry TAXONOMY: The scientific name of Oriental bittersweet is Celastrus orbiculatusThunb. Bittersweet nightshade is a member of the same family as the potato, tomato, and belladona. National Invasive Species Information Center, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Oriental Bittersweet, YouTube - Defeating a Killer Vine: Oriental Bittersweet Management, Invasive Plants of Ohio: Fact Sheet 9 - Japanese Honeysuckle & Asian Bittersweet (PDF | 214 KB), Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual - Oriental Bittersweet, Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Oriental bittersweet, Woody Invasive Species - Oriental Bittersweet, New Hampshire's Prohibited Invasive Plant Fact Sheets, Forest Pests: Invasive Plants and Insects of Maryland - Oriental Bittersweet (Aug 2012) (PDF | 242 KB), Invasive Species Best Control Practices - Oriental Bittersweet (2012) (PDF | 321 KB), Invasive Plant Species Fact Sheet: Oriental Bittersweet (2006) (PDF | 695 KB), Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Oriental Bittersweet (PDF | 690 KB), Invasive Plant Fact Sheet - Oriental Bittersweet (Nov 2011) (PDF | 90 KB), Introduced Species Summary Project - Oriental Bittersweet, Invasive Plants and Insects: Oriental Bittersweet, Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast - Oriental Bittersweet, Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Asiatic Bittersweet. It is in the stafftree (Celastraceae) family. This species is Introduced in the United States. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Celastrus orbiculata . Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Leaves are simple, alternate, elliptic-to-round in shape with slightly toothed margins. Oriental Bittersweet . In surveys along the plain of Lake Michigan (including sites in Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan), Oriental bittersweet stems were likely young, ranging from only 2.4 to 10.5 mm DBH [88]. PrintPrepared by Jennifer L. D’Appollonio, Assistant Scientist, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. They are fast-growing and attractive, with light green, finely toothed leaves. North Carolina State University. Oriental Bittersweet Information. When using herbicides remember to follow label-recommendations. USDA. 2010. Common Name: Oriental bittersweet Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus Origin: Asia. It grows very aggressively and can reach up to 60 feet tall. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Note that very small seedlings can be hand-pulled but larger vines over a few inches tall will probably break off when pulled up and any root pieces left in the ground will re-grow. GRIN-Global. Google. Identification: Oriental Bittersweet is a deciduous woody vine that may climb 60 feet into tree crowns. Michigan Department of Natural Resource; Michigan State University Extension. Maps can be downloaded and shared. Morphology: Oriental bittersweet is a deciduous liana [175]. Date of U.S. Introduction: 1860s . American or climbing bittersweet, native to about 40 percent of the northeastern U.S., is not as common as it once was. You can try using undiluted glyphosate concentrate (53.8% preferable) but if that does not keep the vine from re-sprouting then you may have to resort to a triclopyr-based product. It was introduced into North America in 1879, and is considered to be an invasive species in eastern North America. States Counties Points List Species Info. Oriental Bittersweet is a Vine. Common Name: Oriental bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet Family Name: Celastraceae - Staff-tree family Native Range: Asia NJ Status: Widespread and highly threatening to native plant communities. Division of Plant Industry. Oriental Bittersweet Celastraceae — Bittersweet family Invasive non-native The backyard May 2003. Cooperative Extension. Its fruiting stems are cut in fall and used for decoration, which unfortunately facilitates its spread. ARS. Check the label and make sure you get the 8% triclopyr concentrate rather than the ready-to-use spray. Oriental bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, Oriental staff vine, climbing spindle berry, Introduced as an ornamental and for erosion control (, Grows as a vine that smothers plants and uproots trees due to its weight (. “Celastrus” is an ancient Greek name for an … National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. The PLANTS Database. Native To: Eastern Asia . Origin: Northeastern Asia, Eastern Russia, China, Japan, Korea. The stems are woody and twining [42,88,114,129]. To avoid having to purchase a large quantity of a triclopyr concentrate such as Garlon, you may want to buy a pint or quart container of Brush-B-Gon Poison Ivy Killer at the hardware or home supply warehouse. GENERAL DESCRIPTION: A non-native, deciduous, perennial woody vine that twines around and climbs up trees and shrubs. Climbing Oriental bittersweet vines severely damage … Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Oriental Bittersweet. University of Maine. Habit: It is a climbing, woody vine that can suffocate trees and spreads by seeds and sprouting of roots. Description. Delaware Wildflowers • Scientific names. The first part of the name, Celastrus, is the genus, the second, orbiculatus, the specific epithet. The main difference: Celastrus scandens has flowers and fruits at the ends of branches; Celastrus orbiculatus has flowers in the axils of the leaves. Oriental bittersweet This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … The Pennsylvania Flora Project of Morris Arboretum. What is Oriental Bittersweet? The alternate leaves are elliptic to ovate, and spiral evenly around the stem. Clusters of small capsules containing 3 fleshy scarlet sections each with 2 white seeds mature from August to January. Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Common Names. oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Stems have dark brown, striated bark. Woody Invasives of the Great Lakes Collaborative. Common Name: Oriental bittersweet, Asian bittersweet Scientific name: Celastrus orbiculatus Identification: Oriental bittersweet is a perennial, twining woody vine that loses its leaves annually and has male and female flowers on separate plants (i.e., it is dioecous). name search type enter a search name State Search ... Oriental bittersweet General Information; Symbol: CEPA7 Group: Dicot ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. It is native to China, where it is the most widely distributed Celastrus species, and to Japan and Korea. Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants. Elliptic to ovate … I was surprised at some of the cool facts there were about Oriental bittersweet, like how it spreads so quickly. Celastrus orbiculata Thunb. The leaves are alternate with round or tapered tips. They may reach 66 feet (20 m) in length and 4 inches (10 cm) in width [24,25,143], depending upon stem age and supporting vegetation [24]. Three varieties are described from southeastern Asia [15,82], but none are distinguished in North America. North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. It was introduced to North America in the mid-1860s as an ornamental. Collect and bag vines with fruit. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Dab the undiluted concentrate on the freshly cut stems. Plant Control:Bittersweet can be difficult to control. Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Known by its scientific name Celastrus orbiculatus, Oriental bittersweet is a vine that is native to China, Japan and Korea. Common Name: Oriental bittersweet Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus Native Range: Asia Biology & Description: Oriental, or Asiatic, bittersweet is a perennial, deciduous vine that can grow to 60 feet. Oriental bittersweet closely resembles American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens). Cutting or pulling alone does not work because cutting stimulates the vine to re-sprout ten-fold and any broken off piece of root will re-grow. Celastrus orbiculatus is a woody vine of the family Celastraceae. Herb: Oriental Bittersweet Latin name: Celastrus orbiculatus Synonyms: Celastrus articulatus Family: Celastraceae (Bittersweet Family) Medicinal use of Oriental Bittersweet: The roots, stems and leaves are antiphlogistic, antirheumatic, depurative and tonic. Monitor for new seedlings and control as needed. Scientific Name Synonyms. YouTube; University of Minnesota Extension. Vining plants like the Oriental Bittersweet showing its fall colors above are capable of choking out the planted species in a vegetated stormwater system. For example, botanical nomenclature classifies Oriental bittersweet as Celastrus orbiculatus. In the mid-1900s, many people promoted the use of Oriental bittersweet for its hardiness and showy fruit which contributed to its popularity as an ornamental vine. It is a climbing, woody vine that can suffocate trees and spreads by seeds and sprouting of roots. This plant is a bad weed in Delaware. Conduplicate (folded in half lengthwise with the upper side inward) leaves are Oriental bittersweet and involute (inward curling) leaves are American bittersweet. It closely resembles the native North American species, Celastrus scandens, wi… Cooperative Extension. New Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets, and Food. The leaves are alternate, oblong, 2 to 5 inches (4-12 cm) long, and … Oriental, or asiatic, bittersweet is a perennial, deciduous vine that can grow up to 60 ft. Its stems have dark brown, striated bark. Inconspicuous orange-yellow flowers appear in May. Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Synonyms: Celastrus orbiculata. Status: Invasive. Any mention of trade, products, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by North Carolina State University. Its star-shaped flowers bloom from April to September; the flowers are pinkish-purple with bright yellow stamens. Other names for this plant ... Asian bittersweet, Asian loeseneri bittersweet, Japanese bittersweet, round leaf bittersweet; Scientific names: Celastrus rosthornianus var. Background/Introduction to the United States: Oriental bittersweet. Bittersweet nightshade is a vine-like perennial that can grow to a height of approximately 3 m. It has alternating heart-shaped oval leaves that usually have 2 small ear-like segments at their bases. The similar native bittersweet, Celastrus scandens, is virtually gone. oriental bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet. Michigan Natural Features Inventory. Oriental bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, Asian bittersweet, Round-leaved bittersweet. Scientific Name: Celastrus orbiculatus Common Name: Oriental bittersweet. Oriental Bittersweet is able to hybridize with American Bittersweet — could end up potentially threatening the genetic identity of the American Bittersweet; Burning Bush. The scientific name of Oriental Bittersweet Vine is Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Small, inconspicuous, axillary, greenish-white flowers bloom from May to early June. Vines are either woody or herbaceous plants that climb or sprawl. Other Common Names: Oriental bittersweet, Asian or Asiatic bittersweet. Scientific Name: Euonymus Alatus. This plant is found widely throughout Europe, Asia, the US, and Canada. 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