Marx argued the bourgeoisie (ruling-class) used the capitalist economic system to extract surplus value from the proletariat (working-class). his name. ', 'The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. Industrialization had swept the developed world along with other phenomenon like urbanization, immigration, and capitalism. Conflict theory began with Karl Marx and his belief that capitalist societies are powered and controlled the conflict between social classes. Revolution brings the proletariat to power, classes are eliminated, and the state that was necessary to protect the bourgeoisie, gradually disappears. This increased polarization and homogenization within classes fostered an environment for individual struggles to become more generalized. Karl Marx’s theory of alienation was postulated in the nineteenth century which was characterized by the rise of capitalism. This volume presents those writings of Marx that best reveal his contribution to sociology, particularly to the theory of society and social change. 11:26. He goes on to state “a category of labourers, who live merely so long as they find work, and who find work merely so long as their labour additions capital” ( 16 ) . In Marxism, Karl Marx intended that the industrialist Bourgeoisie, upper class, hardheartedly misused the Proletariats, which were known as the lower class. The items made the in production line were sold for more than the estimation of the work itself. For Marx, class conflict in conjunction with correlated processes (such as increasing worker poverty) leads to the intensification of the dominance of one class, and eventually the disruption of the class society. Marx sees the social world through the lens of economically-defined classes in an inherently zero-sum struggle for control over the means of production. A Marxist sociologist is a materialist and a sociologist that follows the ideas of Marx. In Marxism, Karl Marx intended that the industrialist Bourgeoisie, upper class, hardheartedly misused the Proletariats, which were known as the lower class. According to this theory, the more labor or labor time that goes into an object, the more it is worth. Those who possessed a means of production, called the bourgeois, and and those that had to work for the bourgeois, called the proletariat. Marx made a point that the work completed by the Proletariats made awesome riches for the Bourgeoisie. Karl Marx And Max Weber 1883 Words | 8 Pages. Marx first saw the development of class conflict confined to individual factories and capitalists. 11 - 20 of 500 . The Functionalist perspective is more commonly linked to the sociologist Emile Durkheim (1858-1917). Karl Marx’s labor theory of value asserts that the value of an object is solely a result of the labor expended to produce it. Marx believes that the middle class have belittled the working-class adult male, the worker, into nil more than a trade good. Marx argued that the capitalist system was based upon reinforcing the divisions of class. Karl Marx can be considered a great philosopher, social scientist, historian or revolutionary. Karl Marx’s key tenet as to inequality is capitalism in his eyes defines one’s social class having a direct influence on one’s life experiences and life chances. The items made the in production line were sold for more than the estimation of the […] The way society is structured, the higher class has all the power and the lower class is continually taken advantage of. Karl Marx placed so much emphasis on the economic structure and how it influenced the rest of the social structure from a materialistic point of view. The most well-known and important theories of class are those developed by Karl Marx and Max Weber. 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